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Bodybuilding vs. Powerlifting

Bodybuilding vs. Powerlifting

Surf on the internet I came across an article on the site interesting, in which the author, by the way the girl behind the scenes described the existing rivalry between powerlifting and bodybuilding. I think blog readers will be interested in this topic.

Author: Galina Chepurnova

During his competitive life, I have had to meet with representatives of many power sports, mainly with weightlifters, powerlifters, bodybuilders. They all share the work with weights, to which may be different physical characteristics, but mainly - absolute power, speed-strength and muscle mass as a result of functional hypertrophy. Nevertheless, I am constantly watching conflicts with psychological overtones.
First and foremost, as weightlifters and powerlifters are opposed to bodybuilders, endlessly showing them a complaint about "narcissism", loss in strength and "inflated" muscle ... Many people believe that bodybuilding - "pampering" and more "sophisticated" claim that bodybuilders - it failed weight lifters or lifters. Most "enlightened" believe that bodybuilding has grown from powerlifting, and it is - not training for a real man "- that's the conventional wisdom several people who have tasted the weightlifting or lifting.
However, it can cause a lot of examples where, after finishing his professional career, it is held on athletes from Olympic sports are successfully continuing his career in the field of bodybuilding, having good basic training ("Physics"). They progress, the envy of his former colleagues, quickly enough, and as a gift have a great body, which allows you to save them social status and even increase it due to sharp differences on aging, coming down from the orbit of the masters of sports. The most pleasant thing for me, as bodybuilders, then what bodybuilding (not the usual PFD - jogging, swimming, morning exercises, etc.) helps maintain perfect athletic body, and even thrive, regardless of biological age. People who appreciate and understand bodybuilding, skillfully using their experience and make friends with bodybuilders have a lot of "positives", including functional status, athletic appearance and psychological satisfaction.
Throughout his sporting life (and it is I personally started with eight years), I tasted the delights of different sports, and each had pros and cons. During Soviet times, "racing kid" and in the future - "healthy country" - were the norm, so the athletes of different sports were a family, and not encountered any problems during the transition from one sport to another. Any sports body - functional (think the TRP system, as the result of a healthy lifestyle!), Well, what honors were surrounded by professional athletes and champions! ...
Lucky, I continued to live under the traditional scheme: school, college, marriage, birth of children ... Having a break from his sporting life, I renewed it in 25 years, aerobics, a little jogging, was interested in yoga, swimming and so on, assuming that this is the sport happy healthy person. But, first picking up a dumbbell in 28 years, I sprogressirovala so rapidly in the appearance that it forced me to reckon with what was then called "athletic gymnastic". Having "sovdepovskuyu" hardened, I was sure that he was in a large and happy family "security forces", but there it was! ... Over the fifteen-year competitive career as "cuffs" I personally got over the fact that she tried to reconcile weightlifters , powerlifters and bodybuilders! For example, the current weightlifter quietly that nobody heard, wondered how to improve the lagging muscle group ... Powerlifters trying to figure out why, picking up a decent weight, it does not look like a bodybuilder ... And then a bodybuilder "comes over" on me for what I am supposed to "seeding kulturisticheskie secrets" to people who believe bodybuilding social insolvent ...

Bodybuilding vs. Powerlifting

n the confusion, arguing about these issues, I turn in on themselves and become lonely, wondering why all the "sporting fraternity" pertaining to hardware, hard fight with each other? ... Watch as weightlifter respectfully bows to the rod, as a karate sensei, not allowing yourself and others even step over the neck, see how powerlifters stroking palms iron, tuning in heavy weight, I notice that the builder no less emotional, dealing with free weights and exercise machines, and experiences with the real fun ... After the concrete a similar reaction to "iron" subsequent collision saddens siloviki foreheads on the ground of non-objective debate that priority - bodybuilding or powerlifting? ...
And what about the introduction in these sports for women? Their presence enhances the conflict yet. The woman pushing the barbell, weight pulling and showing your biceps? ... Again "in minus iron? ... Maybe it was women who were called upon to smooth out conflicts if it behaved in a feminine, intelligent, neutralizing the softness of male aggression and aesthetics ... Unfortunately, they are lost: lifting weights, many of them began to behave like a man, and also seek to appearance, resembling a man, thus exacerbating the controversy - which is better now for women - barbell, powerlifting or bodybuilding.
For a long time thinking about these issues, I once started a conversation with the hard rocking power troebortsem. "Tell me why, as a powerlifter, you took up bodybuilding?" "That's part of his reasoning:
"... The fundamental difference between powerlifting and bodybuilding is that these are different kinds of sport in methods of training, but the most important difference - in the emotional-psychological sphere athletes. In powerlifting during exercise the major factor is the most powerful impulse that is sent from the brain to the muscles. All aimed at lifting the maximum possible weight in a given time. Work bodybuilder in the gym - is something else. The main goal is to maximize the reduction of a muscle at any given time, for the sake of building muscle.
If we talk about the relationship powerlifters and bodybuilders, then, frankly speaking, it is frankly do not like bodybuilders, power lifters. This can be explained by the fact that a large part of successful bodybuilders are excellent security forces (their power rates would decorate any pauerliftersky tournament). Of course there are exceptions, but most lifters do not differ beautiful body, especially in the heavyweight category. The result is simply banal envy. One day, seeing how my friend powerlifter, an outspoken critic of bodybuilding, secretly in the corner of "shakes" biceps, I asked with a smile: "So, and what do you do it, because you do not like bodybuilding?" The answer was something like this: "Well, know that women like. " And I do not see anything wrong, it is natural because women like not only strong but also sexually attractive men.
Argue about the merits and demerits of these sports to each other can be long. I would like to focus on the following points. The lion's share of speakers powerlifters - pretty young guys. From my own experience, I will say that working with large weights is the cause of back pain in the knees, elbows. Often this is due to the fact that the muscles are quite prepared to lift the required weight, and ligaments and joints can not withstand. Of course, this problem can be solved, but the injury in powerlifting is still higher than in bodybuilding. Undeniable advantage of male bodybuilding is that it is quite possible to do without using pharmaceuticals. Of course, I do not mean to competitive bodybuilding. Engage in weightlifting without the "chemistry" just "a" rather difficult, since a huge incentive disappears performances in competitions, the motif of rivalry with others.

Bodybuilding vs. Powerlifting

Having the experience of playing in both powerlifting and bodybuilding, I'll try to draw a distinction between the psychological state of an athlete in both cases. Fundamentally what powerlifters during the approach remains, as it one on one with a bar, and a sense of rivalry with the other athletes is just an added impetus to lift weights. At competitions in bodybuilding wrestling with an opponent more visible, because the athletes are next to each other. A common attribute of both type of competition is the presence of spectators, which give an extra "adrenaline rush", forcing the athletes "flat out" on all 200 percent.
Ordinary man in the street may say: "Why should I? I do not need an "iron" sport ". In response to this can result in a powerful argument: all sensible people seek a healthier lifestyle. "Iron" sport, work in the gym - is a huge incentive to comply with the regime of the day, not to abuse alcohol, stop smoking. "
Satisfied with the current conversation athlete, I chose to address the problem from a scientific point of view. Unfortunately, the archive athletic academy I have not found an appropriate educational literature, which would clarify and set the record straight «i». Most of the available options on the essence of powerlifting and bodybuilding led to materials Leonid Ostapenko, which facilitated my task because we were both working in the Research Department of Sports Service. Moreover, he was in a group of authors who have created "The Dictionary of sporting terms, exactly where they described the terminology of powerlifting and bodybuilding.
Literally, the opinion of L. Ostapenko over the differences between bodybuilding and powerlifting:
"Requirements for the bone system can determine your success at the highest level (in competition), but if you do not seek to record the results, they may not be so critical. In particular, the functional symmetry that bodybuilding will be of paramount importance, is reduced to a beautiful, aesthetic forms, broad shoulders, narrow waist and pelvic girdle, an elongated and flat feet. I do not want to say that you will not achieve success in powerlifting, if you have such characteristics, however, if you wish to enter into the highest echelon of lifters, you'll have to come to terms with the fact that this would require a functional symmetry of a different order. So, in order to perform well in bench press, no need for a broad shoulder girdle, for a powerful thrust needed long arms and short legs to squat need a short torso and short legs. This - the attributes of an elite lifters train.
Requirements for the composition of the body lie in the fact that bodybuilders must have a high percentage of muscle tissue, the low percentage of body fat (in the competitive period of about 10%). Powerlifters also may be interested in a high percentage of muscle, but body fat is not as important, if not lead to go beyond the weight category.
Requirements for the muscular system builders - the presence in the body composition of muscle fibers of all three types, which would allow development of myofibrillar, sarcoplasmic, capillary and mitochondrial hypertrophy. Athletes should seek balanced development of all muscle groups, ensuring the formation of a beautiful physique. Bodybuilders feature long muscle fibers and short tendons. Powerlifting requires dominance in the body composition of muscle fibers mainly of two types (bystrosokraschayuschihsya and intermediate), and limiting the development of all muscle groups, providing high performance in a competitive exercise. Lifters should seek balanced development of the antagonist muscles to prevent injuries caused by muscular imbalance.
There are also differences in the components of physical fitness. So, for bodybuilding less interesting, absolute and relative power, but more importantly the total force and local muscular endurance, coordination, choreography training. Lifters will be interested, primarily, the absolute and relative strength, power, explosive strength.
These components dictate for differences in modes of muscle contraction. So, bodybuilders use dynamic (concentric and eccentric), static, isotonic modes for maximum inclusion in the work of different types of muscle fibers for muscle hypertrophy. Powerlifters use a dynamic (concentric and eccentric), static, plyometric regime in order to maximize the power of specific qualities, while hypertrophy of the muscles for them is not the main and side-effect of force.

With all these differences, I see no basis for conflict. Lifters and bodybuilders, despite work by using the same tools - rods, dumbbells, exercise machines, - work in very different ways and achieve different results, although some results can be shared. So, and they, and others will experience improved power quality. Both will increase muscle mass. Both will improve the composition and functional properties of the organism. In competitions you can see athletes lifters that look like bodybuilders, a little "dry" - and can be on the scene. Watching some of the bodybuilders in training get the confidence that the results of strength exercises would enable them to successfully address the pauerlifterskih competition, although at a sporting podium nobody cares how much they are "tight", but all concerned, "as they look."
Therefore, it makes no sense to judge what is best and who better? ... I think that all athletes are worthy of respect and relevance in their choice. Most likely, the essence of the conflict - in attitudes, the surface formed by amateurs, and sometimes voiced by the media. I, being a witness and participant in the formation and order, and other sport in the USSR, a deep respect for those and other athletes because the athletes to achieve results in bodybuilding and powerlifting - is a highly intellectual, genetically gifted and hardworking people, worthy of recognition by society. "

... Satisfied, I went to the gym. Reflecting on what was said by each of my interlocutors, I noticed that getting rid of the feeling there is a conflict "which is better: bodybuilding or powerlifting ..." because in fact no conflict. The same can be said of other sports, we assume, as if you were to compare the skater, the skater and hockey player? Really, on the grounds that they enjoy skating? And swimming, diving or water polo? Well, what can we say about sports and gymnastics? I think everything is clear.
Psychological aspect of the potential for conflict between the "security forces" is spontaneous, and largely depends on the information society and its development level, where there are data and improved sports. Therefore, the view - which is better? "- Bodybuilding or powerlifting - is formed on a random basis and depends on many factors accompanying this situation.
Firstly, we can not say about the social status of the athletes themselves, given that both types of sports are spectacular, natural competition between the designated purpose of each. Of course, if in its mass and bodybuilders, and powerlifters "had virtually the same visual and force characteristics (look aesthetically pleasing and at the same time showed approximately equal strength), then there would be no clearly defined conflict, although it in itself has a relative and depends on the satisfaction of the ego of each athlete individually, social recognition that, as a consequence, creates "self" athlete.
So what character would be "self" athlete - an overvalued or undervalued - creates a fairly wide zone of conflict under certain conditions. To those can be attributed, and a low social awareness of the nature of each sport, as well as their "outcomes" or the objectives. Thus, it is important for a bodybuilder to produce a developed muscular body, and for the powerlifter - state indicator of "power". While those other ultimately pursue the same goal: to prove that they have priority in the "society" of conventional non-sporting people. Semantic load of claims is self-reinforcing nature, which gives owners of league titles the opportunity to form "self-concept" personality. The essence of the "personality" - is its value orientation, its motivational sphere, its system of social relations and attitudes, which is the driving force behind the choice of occupation.
According to Freud's concept of "identity" is formed by three components - "Eid" (It), "ego" (I) and "super-ego" (Superego). In general, they all require their implementation, and obey the pleasure principle in two basic instincts: the sexual instinct (the instinct of life) and destructive instincts (interpreted as the death instinct). This form of human behavior is considered in this concept as an instinctive form of behavior.
Scope of the "ego" - is the sphere of moral "I" person, which includes a system of norms, values, and aesthetic manifestations of ethical concepts that are consistent with the requirements of society. This sphere is formed in the socialization process and is, according to Freud, the last (in time sense) component of the developing personality. Scope of "super-ego is in conflict with the rational ego, it is likely to look like a bodybuilder, and be as strong as powerlifters in their general conception of these sports is not real, and this creates a conflict in the interior (the" ego " ) and the external social environment of the athlete.

The reason, as it treats Leonid Ostapenko, that is - methodologically different sports. To form social opinion, and to some extent to avoid excesses between social status powerlifter and bodybuilder, is necessary to ensure the maximum possible information field of data security areas of sports - that is, "to form" the public ... The higher the intellectual level of society, the lower the percentage of conflict, due to a clear understanding of the methodological, theoretical, medical, physiological and psychological basis of the sport in general.
Therefore, to each his own ... Ideally, ordinary man, not pretending to professional level in any force as the "iron sport, may well have developed athletic body and good power performance. Well, those professional athletes that can combine both - are worthy of recognition. So, is there any sense of "us" to share? With great respect to all "security officials" ...

Bodybuilding vs. Powerlifting

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